English Longhorn cattle also formerly known as Lancashire cattle  are a long-horned brown and white breed of beef cattle originating from Cravenin the north of England.
The breed was initially used as a draught animalwhich its body is well suited for; the milk was also collected for butter and cheese because of its high butterfat content. An individual farmer would have owned one or two cows; these would have been accompanied by a bull owned by the Lord of the Manor.
Longhorns live surprisingly longer than other breeds of cattle and are also known for calving with ease.
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They have a white patch along the line of their spine and under their bellies. They are not to be confused with the Texas Longhorn breed, which is also often called "Longhorn cattle" or "Longhorns".
Though long-horned oxen were already predominant in Craven in the 16th and 17th centuries, the English Longhorn breed was much improved for beef by Robert Bakewell of Dishley, Loughboroughwhen large amounts of meat were needed to feed people who had moved to towns and cities in the Industrial Revolution.
The breed is still to be found in Black and white longhorn cattle at the Stanley's Springbarrow Farm, at Thoresby Estate in Nottinghamshire and a small herd has been re-introduced at Calke Abbeyin Derbyshirewhere the Harpur-Crewe family had traditionally kept them.
In popular culture, two English Longhorns can be seen in Mel Gibson's medieval epic Braveheart in which they tow a cart carrying the wounded father of a young William Wallace after an initial retaliatory skirmish with English forces.
English Longhorns have curved horns that tend to grow down around the face, framing it, whereas Texas Longhorns ' horns usually grow up and out, away from the face. Texas Longhorn cattle can be any colour a cow can be other than blue-roan, while English Longhorns are only brown and white.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Longhorn disambiguation.
Retrieved 15 February Retrieved 14 October Livestock breeds of the British Isles. Retrieved from " https: Cattle breeds Cattle breeds originating in England.
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